Trekking Uganda – 16 years in the making

Gerhard Pretorius
Friday, 16 February 2018

It was in the early 2000s when my father started seriously talking about gorilla trekking as one of his bucket-list adventures. But it would take another 16 years of reading, research, and reluctance before it would finally become a reality. Finally, on the 1st of July 2017, my father, along with my two brothers, sister-in-law and I set off from Cape Town International Airport to Uganda for an incredible 16-day cross-Uganda trip, arranged by Africa Geographic.

 A roadside market selling produce at Masaka

A roadside market selling produce at Masaka en-route to Entebbe © Gerhard Pretorius

After touching down at Entebbe International Airport and clearing customs, we were met by Bosco, our driver and tour leader, and Gerald, our birding guide.

In total, our party was comprised of seven relatively fit and avid lovers of the bush, eager for an adventure of a lifetime, and the opportunity to spot, see, and rub shoulders with some of the rarest wildlife on the planet.

The Pretorius family

The Pretorius family with their driver/tour leader, and birding guide © Gerhard Pretorius


Uganda is landlocked with more than 15% of the country covered by lakes. This leaves fairly little space for its 40 million people. As much as 90% of the agriculture is subsistence farming, and driving through the country you’ll see everyone from children to adults working the land, growing bananas, coffee, tobacco, tea, ground nuts, cassava, more bananas and other staple starches. You get the distinct sense that they’re not doing it to make a living – they’re doing it to survive.

A young man transports a load of thatch

A young man transports a load of thatch on a bicycle © Gerhard Pretorius

Every town has a bustling pavement economy which means you’re never far from a local market, street-side butchery, pork joint, liquor shops or bodabodas. Bodabodas is the nickname for the millions of cheap Indian motorcycles used by East Africans to cross borders, transport produce, and commute. Everywhere you go in Uganda you’ll see them, but it’s predominantly men who drive them as in some parts of the country women are discouraged from driving them or, as our guide put it, simply not allowed to.

And amidst this organised chaos, people are warm, friendly and seem content. You’re made to feel welcome and safe to freely wander around.

Clockwise from left: 1) An Indian motorcycle, known locally as a bodaboda, ready to transport eggs in Buhoma; 2) An ankole cattle farmer with a beaming, welcoming smile at Lake Albert; 3) A butcher selling meat on the side of the road at Lake Mburo. All photos © Gerhard Pretorius

Searching for the prehistoric shoebill

From day one we set off to see as many of Uganda’s 1,100 bird species as possible and eventually we succeeded in ticking off just over 400. But for the first and foremost on our list, we went wading through the waters of the Mabamba swamps – roughly two hours west of Entebbe – one of the world’s last remaining habitats for shoebills.

The swamps are navigated with old wooden boats fitted with outboard motors and oars (for when the boat inevitably gets stuck in some of the shallow, overgrown canals). Each boat has a captain and spotter who are in contact with the other boats via cell phones, trying to locate the elusive species.

It took a little over two hours, but finally we got word that there was a shoebill spotted about a 30 minutes’ ride away. The odds were slim, but we took the chance and it paid off.

Whatever preconceptions you may have of seeing a shoebill up close and in the wild, forget them. If you’re fortunate enough to find one (many people travel from across the globe without any luck) you’re hit by an overwhelming sense that this is a creature that’s distinctly prehistoric. An animal that has laid claim to the slowly disappearing environment it lives and breeds in far before we humans imposed. It’s this dichotomy of awe and compassion that makes the moment you see a shoebill one that will be with you forever.

A beautiful portrait of a mabamba shoebill in Entebbe

A beautiful portrait of a shoebill in the the Mabamba swamps © Gerhard Pretorius

After ticking off the shoebills, we headed north to the Masindi District. It’s a long drive from Entebbe and even on a Sunday the Kampala traffic can be a bumper-to-bumper nightmare. But once you break through the city and hit the road, you get to take in the ever-changing landscape and spend time with your guides, learning more about the people and the country.

The mighty Murchison Falls

The iconic Murchison Falls

The iconic Murchison Falls – the world’s most powerful waterfall © Gerhard Pretorius

The Masindi district is home to two of Uganda’s biggest attractions, Murchison Falls and the Murchison Falls National Park. Undoubtedly this is the main reason most visit the district, but it’s also a wonderful place to see how many northern Ugandans make a living.

The area in and around the Murchison Falls National Park has plenty of accommodation, and staying on the banks of the River Nile is definitely the way to go. A word of warning though – hippos often roam through the camps when they come out to feed at night.

Other wildlife to spot in the park includes patas monkeys, Ugandan kob, hartebeest, buffalo, elephant, the very rare Rothschild’s giraffe, and lion. You can also drive along the banks of the Nile which offers more birding opportunities.

Murchison Falls is not to be missed. It’s the world’s most powerful waterfall where the White Nile is funnelled through a 7-metre wide chasm, at a rate of 300 000 litres per second, and plummets 45 metres. It’s worth visiting the falls from the top (by road) and booking a cruise to approach it from below as well to really get a sense of its awesome power.

The Murchison Falls National Park is reached by crossing the Nile with a ferry and best done early in the morning so as to avoid queuing.

Clockwise from top left: 1) A boat cruise on the River Nile provides great opportunities for bird and wildlife viewing; 2) The rustic tented accommodation at the Murchison Falls National Park; 3) A sensational portrait of a Ugandan kob – a species of antelope that is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa; 4) At a rate 300,000 litres per second, there is no doubting Murchison Falls is the world’s most powerful waterfall. All photos © Gerhard Pretorius

Kibale’s chimpanzees

Kibale National Park is one of the best places to visit for chimpanzee tracking, and with approximately 1,450 chimps in the forest, about 120 are habituated. As ready as we were, we soon discovered that coming face to face with a chimpanzee or mountain gorilla isn’t something you can ever really be prepared for.

It’s a lot like unexpectedly running into an old friend you haven’t seen in years, or being startled by your own reflection. For a moment you freeze as you try and make sense of it all. Simply put, it’s impossible not to be moved.

We spent a full day with two different chimp groups. We saw elders with grey beards, dominant alpha males, and females with newborn babies. But we saw more than just wild animals. We saw intelligent beings that use language, tools, and make a ‘home’ to sleep in come dusk. We saw a society. We saw a family.

Photographing them made it even more evident. There’s everything you’d find in a human face: emotion, thought, intelligence, and something ineffable. It was more like taking photos of people than of wildlife.


From left to right: 1) A portrait of a Kibale chimpanzee taking some time out; 2) It’s impossible to deny the similarities between chimpanzees and humans. The emotion behind their eyes is astounding. All photos © Gerhard Pretorius

Tracking Bwindi’s gorillas

Whether you set off on your gorilla trekking from Ruhija or Buhoma, there’s no way of knowing how difficult your hike will be.

It’s down to luck. You could either be drenched in a torrential downpour and hike for several hours up and down muddy slopes. Or, as in our case, you could stay dry and have a short hike the one day, and a long hike the next. One thing’s for certain, the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park truly lives up to its name.

It’s one thing expecting to see a gorilla at eye level, but seeing a 220kg silverback perched 20 metres up a tree, breaking branches the width of your arm as if they’re twigs; or a month-old gorilla play aimlessly, but under the watchful eye of its mother – there are no words. There’s just pure awe.

When it comes to photographing mountain gorillas, one of the hardest things was deciding which individual to follow and focus on. You simply don’t have enough time to capture all of them. In the end, whenever they were too far or too close, or moving too quickly for a decent shot, the best thing to do was to just enjoy the moment. To simply be with them and connect.

From left to right: 1) A young gorilla in the arms of its mother; 2) The Pretorius family thoroughly enjoying their trek – truly an experience of a lifetime. All photos © Gerhard Pretorius

Lake Mburo and birding

Lake Mburo National Park seems to be suffering from low game numbers due to poaching and as a result of the encroachment of farmers on wildlife habitat. When we visited our guides told us only one lone male lion remains in the area.

The park itself is home to leopard, zebra, giraffe, buffalo, and many other antelope species. For birding, visiting Lake Mburo itself is a definite must. Cruises during the early morning and late afternoon magic hours get booked up quickly, so plan in advance.

Some of the highlights include the illusive African finfoot, and ample opportunity to get up close with most of the common African waterbirds and wildlife such as fish eagles, pied and malachite kingfishers, monitor lizards, hippos, crocodiles, and more.

Clockwise from left: 1) A gorgeous buffalo – one of Africa’s famous Big 5; 2) A majestic zebra strolling through the park; 3) The bright colours of the malachite kingfisher are absolutely entrancing. All photos © Gerhard Pretorius;

Travel with Africa Geographic

Travel in Africa is about knowing when and where to go, and with whom. A few weeks too early or late and a few kilometres off course and you could miss the greatest show on Earth. And wouldn’t that be a pity? Contact an Africa Geographic safari consultant to plan your dream vacation to Africa.


Born in Johannesburg, raised in Robertson, now living in Cape Town, Gerhard Pretorius writes, films, and photographs many different types of topics. He especially loves to travel and capture moments that will last a lifetime.


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  • Ginny

    Wonderful article and photos, I have added this trip to my bucket list!

    • Barbro Ekholm Nestander

      Me too!!

  • Patricia Balsdon

    Oh! Talk about green with envy. thanks for sharing your super experience.

  • Roger Moris – Belgium

    What a wonderful report . Last year we did almost the same trip but xe first went to the very north to Kidepo National Park where we were almost completely alone. It was our second time with the chimps in Ibale and our third time with the gorillas. I really love them and let us all bless them.

  • Clement Mawenu

    Thanks for the photos and the narratives of the national parks experience.
    Your opening narrative under ‘Ugandan Culture’ is oddly misleading…… ” Uganda is landlocked with more than 15% of the country covered by lakes. This leaves fairly little space for its 40 million people. As much as 90% of the agriculture is subsistence farming, and driving through the country you’ll see everyone from children to adults working the land, growing bananas, coffee, tobacco, tea, ground nuts, cassava, more bananas and other staple starches. You get the distinct sense that they’re not doing it to make a living – they’re doing it to survive.”

    True we have 15% freshwater bodies,a major asset that we can utilize more efficiently. With a land mass of 199,810,there’s ample space for the 43.7 m population to make Uganda a breadbasket for the continent.
    Beats me where ‘you get the distinct sense that they’re not doing it to make a living – they’re doing it to survive.”

  • Wanda Walker

    Every animal is so beautiful in Africa. Like the Monkeys of all sorts who look like me and have the intelligence. The love they show for each other while clinging close to their Mother for safety. Thanks again for brightening my day. May Jesus be with you.

  • ramnath s

    superb photos and location. thanks for sharing experience.

  • Inengu Ananyatele

    Africa is blessed