A photographic safari in South Luangwa National Park, Zambia

Africa Geographic Travel
Friday, 10th November 2017

Late September is a stunning time in South Luangwa National Park in Zambia, with very little standing water beyond the boundaries of the drying river. This concentrates game along the remaining waterways, often causing interactions and social compression between animals that we do not see at other times of the year. It’s the perfect recipe for the ideal photographic safari!

The remote and wild Nsefu Sector of the park generates a stream of returning visitors, back for another wild and wonderful safari, as well as curious first-timers – lured in by the fantastic sighting reports and stunning photography that emanates from the area. Africa Geographic offers personal and private guided safaris to this photographic Eden, with professional photographer and guide Edward Selfe. A one-on-one photographic skills ‘boot camp’, if you will.

Elephants crossing the Luangwa River, Zambia.

You are likely to see elephants crossing the wide, lazy Luangwa River © Edward Selfe

In September this year, Edward guided a return client, Peter, and had this to say: “I had the pleasure of sharing some extended time with Peter – and what a grand time it turned out to be!

“We enjoyed one of the best carmine bee-eater colonies that I’ve seen in ten years – stretching along 250 metres of riverbank and with multiple access points for viewing – comprising of approximately 5,000 birds. It also just so happened when we were there, that a scavenging kite flew over, and the sound and explosion of startling red wings taking to flight was so magnificent that words can hardly describe the scene.

Southern carmine bee-eaters on the river bank.

Southern carmine bee-eaters launch from the riverbank in a flurry of red © Edward Selfe

“Leaving camp early one morning, we spotted a honey badger in the distance. Cutting a corner to catch up with him, we could see why he was moving away from us: he had just caught a catfish and was trying to get to the safety of a large bush before someone else took his prize!

“After a couple of excellent mornings out in the bush – with good game sightings in a mix of diverse and interesting situations – we decided to explore the central area of the Nsefu Sector, where there’s a beautiful hot spring that draws game from all around the park. Any trip to this gem is bound to be beautiful, and occasionally it provides visitors with some unexpected surprises.

“The journey to the hot springs takes about 45 minutes across the beautiful Mtanda Plains. Here, we were lucky to see zebras, wildebeest, approximately 600 buffalo, and lots of crowned cranes on the way to the hot springs. We also spotted an elephant herd who were moving in the distance between dead trees, and we waited for just the right photo opportunity to come our way.”


From top left: 1) On safari, photographing a herd of zebras; 2) Coming across huge herds of buffalo is common in this section of South Luangwa; 3) A honey badger flees from our vehicle with his recently caught fish! 4) A small herd of elephants cross Mtanda Plain in the Nsefu Sector © Edward Selfe

A morning to remember

Edward Selfe continues: “Early the following morning, we enjoyed one of the best game viewing periods of the week. Soon after leaving camp, we found a pair of leopards finishing off an impala carcass that they’d killed the day before. True to their leopard nature, they were quite shy so they moved off quickly, giving us a good sighting, but we had to be quick if we wanted to capture any photos of this magnificent pair.

“Shortly after, we heard some hyenas giggling nearby and decided to follow their call. Unexpectedly, as is so often the case in Africa, we came across a coalition of three male lions who were feeding on a hippo! Whether they had killed it is up for discussion, but it was stinking quite badly by the time we got to the scene, so we suspected it had died of natural causes some days previously.

Two hyenas spotted. South Luangwa, Zambia.

During our time in Luangwa we enjoyed many moments with hyenas © Edward Selfe

“There were a lot of hyenas nearby the kill, but they dared not approach too close while the large male lions were still there. We sat and watched knowing that, at some stage, the well-fed lions would move off and the scavengers would get their chance.

“Taking turns to guard the carcass, the lions were reluctant to relinquish the stinking hippo to the hyenas, despite its rotten state! Initially, the lions were feeding, taking turns to protect the carcass. Two of the lions moved off, and eventually the third followed, giving the hyenas a chance to move in. But not for long!

Watch a video of the lion and hyena interaction in South Luangwa below: 

“Wondering how the morning could possibly get any better than that, we decided to follow some baboon calls that we’d been ignoring for some time. The baboons were shouting their leopard alarm call, but I contained my expectations since the calls had been going on for some time and the leopard had likely moved on. Fortunately, we found him crossing the open grassland, and in the best morning light I had seen! It was a privilege to spend time in the presence of a very large and magnificent male leopard such as this one.

A majestic leopard spotted in South Luangwa, Zambia © Edward Selfe

A stunning male leopard walks through golden grassland in South Luangwa © Edward Selfe

“After the drama of the morning, we decided to stay close to the lion sighting in the afternoon, in case the three large males came to drink at the river. On leaving camp, we found that they’d already moved to the water’s edge and were sitting on the wet sand, being silently observed by about 30 giraffes on the other side!

“The lions had spread their smell all over the elephants’ normal crossing point, so the elephants moved upstream to a spot where we could get down to their level and watch as they splashed through the water towards us.

“Returning to where the lions were waiting on the riverbank, we found a large herd of buffalo heading to drink at the same spot. Hoping that a hunt might take place, we hung back, waiting to get into a position where we could see clearly without spooking the herd.

A herd of buffalo in South Luangwa, Zambia © Edward Selfe

Buffaloes scent the air to assess us as a potential threat © Edward Selfe

“Primarily, it’s essential that our presence in the bush is non-invasive and we have to take care not to influence the outcome of any wild and natural situation.

“That said, scenting the air to decide if we were a threat, these buffaloes decided to drink elsewhere, avoiding a possible meeting with the lions!

“We then decided that it would be a good idea to continue following the lions and the herd the next morning. At 04:15am, I awoke to the sound of male lions calling loudly. Being sub-adults, these lions had not been calling much, so I suspected that their call was one of victory, having just made a kill. Indeed, on leaving camp in the morning, we came across the three of them starting to break into the large bulk of a female buffalo that they had killed just 500 metres from the camp!

Buffalo kills by lions are always dramatic, always memorable experiences © Edward Selfe

“The youngest of the three continued re-enacting the killing of the buffalo even though she was long dead, while the largest male got down to the serious business of eating!

“With hundreds of photos taken of the feeding frenzy that morning, we headed back to camp to prepare for our departure for the airport. It was a fantastic final morning – and a reminder that, no matter how well the week is going, you can never be sure what tomorrow will bring!

Suffice to say, Peter and I had a great week in the Nsefu Sector.”

Let’s go on safari again! 

Soon after the tour with Peter had concluded, Selfe accompanied another of our clients – photographer and wildlife enthusiast, Phillip.

Selfe remembers: “On our first morning drive, we returned to the lion kill which we had been observing at the end of my previous safari with Peter. We found that the lions were still guarding the buffalo carcass, even though they had very full stomachs and could barely force another morsel down their throats.

“Such is their natural instinct to protect the resources which they rely on for their survival. However, eventually the lions moved away and the hyenas wasted not a moment before rushing in to claim the leftovers.

A hyena carrying a dry piece of buffalo skin

A hyena gets away with the large dry skin of the buffalo, and is not challenged by others to her claim © Edward Selfe

“At one stage, several hyenas ran off into the distance, making me wonder if they had gotten wind of another kill nearby, perhaps by wild dogs. We moved off to follow them, but found only a stunned looking puku in the interlocking bends of the Kauluzi stream.

“A great advantage of the dry conditions at this time of year is that it brings together lots of game in the zone along the river, often requiring very little travelling to get a wide variety of sightings.

“Sausage trees are a mecca for lots of game at this time of year – the fresh buds, soft flowers and tender fruits attract giraffes, buffaloes, pukus, bushbucks, impalas, elephants, baboons, monkeys, squirrels and birds.

From top left: 1) South Luangwa is one of the best places to see leopards; 2) Giraffes spar against a background of mahogany woodland and veronia bushes; 3) Buffaloes are plentiful in the Nsefu Sector of South Luangwa; 4) Wild dogs are a special sighting, no matter where in Africa you get to see them © Edward Selfe

“We had heard that some very young lion cubs had been seen with one of the prides recently. Following their tracks, we located four youngsters in a remote back-country gully along the Kauluzi stream. It was amazing to see how innocent and vulnerable they were. They showed no concern about our (very careful) approach, and barely flinched when we shone the edge of the spotlight on them to take some quick photos.

“There was a herd of buffalo nearby, and I could hear hyenas in the distance – with no sign of the cubs’ mother. I was concerned about drawing attention to the area, so we moved on after a short time.

An adorable lion cub at night

I estimated that these cubs were six to eight-weeks-old – young enough to be hidden away by their mother, and not yet introduced to the pride © Edward Selfe

“We returned to the scene in the morning, but there wasn’t any sign of the cubs – only tracks to show that the buffalo herd had been through the area. I was worried that they might have driven the cubs into the dry channel, but another guide found the cubs elsewhere later in the week, so thankfully their mother must have come to the rescue!

“Arriving at my planned safari area for the day, we quickly found that something was up. The antelope looked very spooked and we soon located a leopard who was feeding on an impala in a bush. She was deep in the bush, and we wondered if we’d get a good view, when suddenly a lioness arrived and stole the carcass from her!

An angry leopard in a tree who has had his prey stolen

Just another despairing leopard we saw that had its prey stolen! © Edward Selfe

“After all this drama we decided to visit the beautiful salt pans in the centre of the park. On arrival, we got fleeting views of a serval cat and a honey badger carrying a cub in her mouth, but thereafter the area was uncharacteristically quiet. However, we waited around and were rewarded with a group of 11 buffalo coming to drink in the clear water at the source of the spring.

“The following morning we decided to go in search of leopard once again. Leaving early and stopping regularly, we picked up the call of a puku and headed to the area to check. An amazing sight greeted us. A hyena was feeding on a puku carcass on the ground, and a leopard was watching from a nearby tree!

A hyena stealing a kill from a leopard

Another leopard kill taken by hyenas! © Edward Selfe

“After a few moments, the leopard came down from the tree, hoping to clear up some of the scraps that the hyena had left during its messy feeding session. Inexplicably, the hyena suddenly moved off and the leopard wasted no time in grabbing the carcass and heading to the tree where she made short work of dragging it to the lowest branch, and safely away from the scavengers!

This leopard stashes its puku prey in a tree © Edward Selfe

Watch a video of this female leopard enjoying her well deserved puku meal below: 

“Here, we also got my favourite photo of the entire trip: a white-fronted bee-eater offset by the purple flowers of a veronia shrub. I love the soft colours!

“Just when we thought it was all over, Luangwa offered us one more gem. A newborn, minutes-old puku calf which was still covered in afterbirth. We took great care not to get too close, but were still able to get some precious photos – and just enjoy the remarkable start of a new life in the bush.

“Philip’s approach to the bush was admirable to me. His genuine belief that no sighting, no matter how big, small or seemingly insignificant, should be taken for granted, served him well in Luangwa. Very often, we found the best sightings when we stopped to watch the smaller events, and hear a tiny squeak of a sound that lead us elsewhere, to some of the best bush sightings I’ve ever had.” 

On photo safari in South Luangwa

From top left: 1) Photographing elephants crossing a riverbed in South Luangwa; 2) Elephants crossing the vast Mtanda plains; 3) A special moment photographing lions mating; 4) Elephants bathe and cool off in the water of the Luangwa River © Edward Selfe

Accommodation at Zikomo Lodge © Edward Selfe



South Luangwa National Park information

South Luangwa National Park is known as the birthplace of walking safaris, and for its authentic remote seasonal bush camps, which are only open once the rainy season floods have subsided.

South Luangwa National Park is a 9,050 km² paradise located around the banks and oxbow lakes of the Luangwa River in eastern Zambia, providing great sightings of high concentrations of wildlife. The park is one of three in the Luangwa Valley, the others being the North Luangwa and Luambe national parks.


The creation of the park was largely influenced by renowned conservationist Norman Carr, who convinced Senior Chief Nsefu – Paramount Chief of the Kunda people in the Luangwa Valley – to set aside a portion of tribal land as a game reserve. This visionary move ensured that the local population would benefit through conservation of the wildlife and habitat of the Luangwa Valley. Then, in 1950, he built the first game viewing camp open to the public in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), and the revenue from the camp was paid directly to the Kunda Native Authority


The park is defined by the Luangwa River that flows through it, and the numerous oxbow lakes that have formed at the river bends. Vegetation ranges from lush riverine forests to open grassy plains, mopane woodland in the low-lying areas and miombo woodland on the higher plateau areas.


South Luangwa National Park has a very high concentration of leopards, hippos and crocodiles, as well as good populations of elephants and buffaloes. Lions and wild dogs are often seen, as are Thornicroft giraffe and many species of antelope. The area plays host to about 400 bird species.

A wonderful photo of a white-fronted bee-eater in South Luangwa

A beautiful sighting: a white-fronted bee-eater © Edward Selfe

Where to stay

Zikomo is a remote bush camp in the Nsefu sector of Luangwa Valley, on the banks of the Luangwa river. The site for this rustic camp was chosen specifically because of its remoteness and access to excellent areas for bush walking.

Flatdogs Camp is an affordable, owner-managed safari camp overlooking the Luangwa River. With a choice between chalets, authentic African safari tents and the exclusive Jackalberry Tree House, Flatdogs is ideal for families, couples, honeymooners, friends travelling together, first time explorers and safari addicts.

Kafunta River Lodge is a classic Zambian safari lodge, with each of the luxury private chalets and the main lounge and dining area overlooking a game-rich flood plain of the Luangwa River. Each chalet comes with a private veranda with stunning views, along with an en-suite bathroom with hot and cold running water.

Track & Trail River Camp specialises in photographic safaris. Situated along the banks of the Luangwa River, accommodation includes single and double-storey chalets, and a campsite with elevated platforms. The restaurant offers panoramic views, and the elevated swimming pool allows you to keep an eye on hippos and crocodiles in the river.

Wildlife Camp is situated on the banks of the Luangwa River. The hands-on style of management ensures a down-to-earth experience. Accommodation consists of rustic chalets, a secluded en-suite tented camp, a bush camp for overnight walking safaris and a campsite.

Shenton Safaris ‘up-close and personal’ photographic hides are just one of the elements that make Kaingo Camp and Mwamba Bush Camp so special. The camp has only six chalets, each one with an en suite bathroom and outdoor bath tub.

Croc Valley is an affordable, rustic haven set on the banks of the Luangwa River. The environmentally-friendly chalets are raised on stilts in order to avoid the seasonal floods. Each chalet provides a wonderful view over the river.


Nsolo is one of the more historical luxury safari camps in Zambia, built in 1987 by Norman himself, his son Adrian and scout, Rice Time Tembo. Accommodation is in grass and wood chalets, with an outdoor shower, on raised decks.

Kakuli is a tented bush camp on the banks of the Luangwa River, and is open during the green season, despite being a bush camp. Accommodating up to 13 people, the camp offers amazing views down the Luangwa River.

Mchenja, meaning ‘ebony’, is a luxurious, elegant and stylish tented camp situated beneath a magnificent grove of ebony trees on the banks of the Luangwa River.

Chinzombo Safari Camp is wildly luxurious, designed by award-winning architects Silvio Rech and Lesley Carstens, and brings high levels of comfort, style and elegance to the Luangwa Valley.


Nkwali is located on the banks of the Luangwa on a magnificent meander in the river overlooking the national park. Situated on private land outside the park, there is a private game viewing area behind camp as well as exclusive access into the park either by boat or across the pontoon.

Luangwa River Camp sits nestled under an ancient ebony grove on the banks of the Luangwa River overlooking the game-rich area known as the Luangwa Wafwa. This small and intimate camp with just five bush suites, along with its setting and location, creates a real “wow” factor and a romantic feeling simply flows through the camp.

Tena Tena is situated in the exclusive Nsefu Sector and sits nestled under a magnificent and thick grove of mahogany trees. On a double-tiered riverbank, each room enjoys its own private view onto a long stretch of the Luangwa River.

Luangwa Safari House is a luxurious lodge with four double rooms that are decorated to mimic the elements – water, earth, wind and fire – creating the feeling of bringing nature into the house.

Robin’s House is a small, private and exclusive house on the banks of the Luangwa River, ideal for young families or friends seeking a more indulgent type of safari. This two-bedroomed house with main living area provides a shady and cool retreat from the African midday heat

 Travel to Luangwa Valley with Africa Geographic

Find out more about Edward Selfe’s photographic safari offered by Africa Geographic Travel, here.

Travel in Africa is about knowing when and where to go, and with whom. A few weeks too early or late and a few kilometres off course and you could miss the greatest show on Earth. And wouldn’t that be a pity? or contact an Africa Geographic safari consultant to plan your dream vacation.


magazine-authorEdward Selfe is a professional guide and photographer who has been living and working in the South Luangwa for nearly ten years.

His safaris combine an authentic wildlife safari with excellent photographic guidance, tuition and opportunities. Edward holds both of South Luangwa’s coveted guiding qualifications, reflecting his love for the bush, its inhabitants and the pleasure of being immersed in wild places.

He enjoys discovering the unusual and taking time to allow behavioural situations to unfold. His safaris are ideal for true safari-lovers who seek a personal experience with nature. He lives near the national park with his wife and daughter.

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  • Menno Witteveen

    What beautiful pictures of South Luangwa. My wife and me visited numerous places in Africa and in the end we settled in South Luangwa. There is some kind of magic there. We now live there for ten years and have a small camp for self drive self catering along the Luangwa River called Malama Umoyo Cottages. It is situated South-West of Mfuwe and close to the Lusangazi gate. This part of South Luangwa National Park is the perfect place if you look for remoteness and the feeling to be in the bush all by yourself.